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Type of Bipolar

Type of Bipolar

There are several types of bipolar disease; All involving episodes of depression and mania to be called bipolar. There are types of bipolar I, bipolar II, cyclothymic disorders, mixed bipolar, and rapid-cycle bipolar disorder.

– Bipolar I
A person affected by this bipolar disorder has at least one episode of mania in his life. Episodes of mania are an abnormal period of mood, accompanied by abnormal behaviours that interfere with life.

– Bipolar II
In Bipolar II the mood never reaches full mania, at most only “hypomania” alone.

– Quick Cycle
In rapid bipolar cycles, people with bipolar disorder experience four episodes of mania/depression or more within a year. About 10% – 20% of people with bipolar disorder have a fast cycle.

– Bipolar Mixture
Most forms of bipolar disorder, mood alternating between height and depression over time. But in this type of bipolar disorder, a person feels both episodes of mania and depression simultaneously or rapidly.

– Cyclothymia
Cyclothymia (a cyclothymic disorder) is a moderately mild mood disorder. People with this type of disorders have milder signs than in bipolar disorder.

Bipolar disorder complications
Self-injury, or self-harm, is a detrimental effort to overcome strong negative emotions, such as anxiety, frustration, and extreme anger. This is usually repeated, and not just a one-time action.

When bipolar disorder arises following a classic pattern, diagnosing bipolar disorder will become relatively easy. But often bipolar disorder arises with a variety of symptoms, eg appearing when a prolonged period of depression is considered a depressive disorder. Or usually the period of depression followed by the period of manic, but in some cases followed by the period hypomanic, so that required anamnesis/interview and the cooperation of the patient.

The best treatment for bipolar disorder is a combination of drugs and counselling. Doctors often treat symptoms of mania associated with bipolar disorder with a set of drugs and use other drugs to treat depression. Certain medications are also used for “maintenance” – to maintain a stable mood over time. Treatment for bipolar disorder most often includes a combination of drugs that are able to stabilize mood and psychotherapy. Although drug therapy is the main one, sustainable psychotherapy is important to help patients feel better about their bipolar condition.

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